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Festival of Food Galore 丰盛多彩美食节

Penang is no doubt one of South-East Asia’s centre for wondrous delicacies. This year, the island will see the inauguration of The Penang International Food Festival 2017, a 16-day event from 15 – 30 April that celebrates the humble authenticity of world-famous food. Food in Penang has long been extolled by many who have visited, including world-renowned chef and TV personality Anthony Bourdain and pastry chef Anna Olsen. From smoky Char Koay Teow to ice-cold Cendol, spicy and tangy Laksa to crispy Roti Canai, they all have a special spot in the hearts of those who have visited Penang.

The festival will highlight its motto – “Savour the Past”, “Enjoy the Present” and “Relish the Future” – through various events at different parts of George Town including Street Food Festival (SFF) at Lebuh Pantai that brings the best in Penang’s hawker fare, taking you back in time. Taste of Penang (TOP) celebrates Penang food of today presenting the most local gastronomic experience any tourist can see, and lastly, one of the more experiential part of the festival will see Fringe Food Festival (FFF) explores the cutting edge of food where chefs, baristas and mixologists collaborate, exchange ideas and innovate food of the future.


作为东南亚奇妙美食中心之一,槟城从来当仁不让。随着2017年的“槟城国际美食节”启动,自4月15日至30日,长达16天的美食狂欢会,欢庆世界著名美食品尝盛典。槟城的美食长久以来有口皆碑,其中包括国际知名的厨师和电视名人 Anthony Bourdain 和著名糕点师 Anna Olsen 也对于槟城食物赞誉有加。从热气腾腾的炒粿条到沁凉人心的煎蕊,辛辣强烈的拉沙到脆香非凡的印度煎饼,分别都是槟城旅客难以割舍的心头爱。

盛会将突出其主旨:“典藏过去”,“享受现在”和“品味未来”,并通过乔治市不同区域的各种活动:土库街(Lebuh Pantai)的“街头美食节”(SFF)呈现最经典的槟城小吃,带你回到过去。“槟城的味道”(TOP)展示槟城现在最道地的美食与餐饮体验,如旅客所见所闻。最后一项是超越未来的“非主流美食节”(FFF),探索时代前沿的食品,各家厨师,咖啡师与调酒师合作交流,以创新思维打造未来的美食。


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Cartier enriches its men’s collection Drive de Cartier with a moon phases model. This watch is fitted with the new Manufacture movement 1904-LU MC. A distinctive moon phase complication displayed at 6 o’clock tracks the cycle of new moons, half-moons and full moons. This extraordinarily precise complication is known as “astronomic”, needing to be corrected by one day every 125 years.

The Drive de Cartier Moon Phases watch stays true to the signature aesthetic of the Drive de Cartier collection: wearability. With a convex curved glass case and uncluttered white guilloché dial, it is available in pink gold or steel. This timepiece lends an unaffected touch of sophistication to everyday mechanics.


IWC Da Vinci Perpetual Calendar Chronograph

The Da Vinci Perpetual Calendar Chronograph is the first model in IWC’s history to combine a chronograph from the 89000 calibre family with the perpetual calendar’s moon phase display in a subdial at “12 o’clock”. To achieve this, both the moon and the shadow of the earth are depicted on a single disc and rotate beneath an aperture in the lower part of the subdial. Together with the other three displays, this new function creates a harmonious unit on the dial of the 43mm watch. The Da Vinci Perpetual Calendar Chronograph is available in two versions: 18-caratred gold and stainless steel.

A silver-plated or gold-plated disc depicts the full moon in all its glory. At the same time, the rounded, dark blue section of the disc – representing the earth’s shadow – rotates to show the waxing or waning moon. With white gold particles sprinkled across the dark blue background, the subdial has the appearance of a star-studded night sky.


Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Chronograph

The Royal Oak was the world’s first stainless steel high end Swiss watch. With its extra strong case, screw down octagonal bezel and exclusive “Grande Tapisserie” dial, the Royal Oak has become instantly recognisable as one of the worlds leading sports watches. The collection is named after British Royal Navy Battleships, which in turn were named for the tree which saved King Charles II from attack by his enemies. The octagonal shape is inspired by the cannon scuttles on the ships, and 40 years on from the original design by Gerald Genta, it still makes a bold statement.

This special edition in 18-carat pink gold with chocolate hand-stitched alligator strap and glareproofed sapphire crystal comes with a meticulous detailing on the expressive two-tone dial, especially the expanded chronograph counters in pink gold, enhancing the look and improving readability.


Rendez-Vous Moon Medium

The enigmatic and inspiring moon slowly glides over the face of this stainless steel Rendez-Vous Moon Medium watch set with diamonds. With its blue-tinted bracelet, it evokes the color of a clear blue sky. The moon, in all its splendor, is revealed by a wide aperture at 6 o’clock. The distinctive blue, elegantly grained surface presents a material effect that is strongly reminiscent of a nocturnal shimmer.

The center of the dial features a geometric guilloché motif, which evokes a halo of light. The edge of the dial is adorned with small, round hour-markers, achieving a striking harmony with the floral numerals of the iconic Rendez-Vous collection. To highlight the beauty and delicate design of the dial, the bezel is set with a row of stunningly pure diamonds.


Audemars Piguet’s Diamond Outrage

Audemars Piguet’s latest women’s high jewellery watch is surely not for the faint-hearted. The new Diamond Outrage is the third and final mega-diamond piece unveiled by the brand (first the Diamond Punk, then the Diamond Fury). The stunning timepiece is a decadent statement of watchmaking and gem setting, tempered by a healthy dose of modern, edgy daring.

The diamond-studded timepiece is inspired by the icy forests in Vallee de Joux. Brilliant cut diamonds and baguette cut diamonds are used in this statement piece. The sapphire-diamond version features six shades of blue and the bracelet is entirely snow set with 11,043 brilliant-cut sapphires in six different shades of blue and various sizes, totaling 65.47 carats of gemstones in all. Each stone is set so closely together that virtually no gold is visible.


A. Lange & Söhne Richard Lange ‘Pour le Mérite’

The dazzling new A. Lange & Söhne Tourbograph Perpetual ‘Pour le Mérite’ is the epitome of classic watchmaking: its hallmarks permeate all domains from design and engineering to consummate, flawless artisanship. The dial itself reflects the traditional approach in timekeeping. Arabic numerals, a railway-track minute scale, blued steel hands for the time and rhodiumed gold hands for the calendar as well as the cloverleaf arrangement of the subsidiary dials pay tribute to the famous A. Lange & Söhne pocket watches.

Tradition also governs technical details such as column-wheel control for the chronograph and rattrapante mechanisms as well as the screw balance. Finally, it manifests itself in typical quality elements such as the two diamond endstones that suspend the tourbillon cage or the black-polished tourbillon bridge. The stately platinum case with a diameter of 43mm is a fitting stage for this horological masterpiece.

Staying ASLI For Malaysia 为马来西亚留驻ASLI

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Tan Sri Dato’ Dr Michael Yeoh Oon Kheng 

CEO & Asian Strategy & Leadership Institute (ASLI)

Heading one of the major independent think tank in Malaysia is no mean feat but for its co-founder, Tan Sri Dr Michael Yeoh, it is necessary to create a better society through its extensive research work. He co-founded the Asian Strategy & Leadership Institute, known simply as ASLI, back in 1993 and has never turned back.

“Should I choose to retire I am sure ASLI will be in good hands.”

“I cofounded ASLI, 24 years ago in 1993, as Malaysia did not have an independent think tank then. The business community and many others felt there was a need for the country to have an independent think tank like the ones in USA, UK and many other countries,” he said. ASLI was the first private independent think tank set up in Malaysia and now, there are many others following in its footsteps.

He said the main purpose of setting up ASLI was  to provide strategic thinking to companies and the government. “It was also to promote debate on public policy issues,” he said.

Yeoh said ASLI had taken up important issues in the country such as education, competitiveness, national unity, green technology and environment.

He, then, mentioned how Malaysians are “over politicking” in recent times. ”The political divisions is both at an ethnic and socio-economic angle. The Malays seem to be returning strong support to the UMNO and Barisan Nasional whilst the Chinese continue to strongly support the Opposition. Meanwhile we see the socio-economic divide along class lines, between the poor and the wealthy, the urban and rural voters,” he said.


He said it is rather worrying that race relations in the country is causing more division between the people. He felt that it is time for all to get back to middle ground.

He said each Malaysian need to have respect for one another, be tolerant and have better understanding of other races’ sensitivities. “We must find common space for our students and teenagers to mingle and mix in a multiracial environment,” he said and suggested sports and art as unifies.

Recently, ASLI is ranked to be among the world’s top 100 think tanks out of 7,000 think tanks in the world by the University of Pennsylvania in USA. It is also ranked 4th in Southeast Asia and the Pacific, effectively placing it in top placing in Malaysia. It has also won the Brand Laurete Award and many other awards.

“I cofounded ASLI, 24 years ago in 1993, as Malaysia did not have an independent think tank then. The business community and many others felt there was a need for the country to have an independent think tank like the ones in USA, UK and many other countries.”

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Yeoh personally too has several awards to his name, the most recent being the INPenang Lifetime Achievement Award. He feels that the most satisfying achievement for him is being conferred the Doctor of Laws by the University of Nottingham in Britain, it is one of the UK’s top universities. “Of course being conferred a Tan Sriship is also satisfying,” he added.

However, it is not all work and no play for Yeoh. He enjoys travelling immensely and always make it a point to visit new countries he has never been before, each year. “Last year, I visited Morocco for the first time and the previous year I visited Portugal also for the first time,” he said. He also made sure that he sets aside time for his family to maintain a healthy work-life balance. “Family life is important and I do take family holidays at least twice a year,” he said.

Though he is now past 60, retirement is not something he has considered just yet. There is still a lot more that he felt he could do. “Should I choose to retire I am sure ASLI will be in good hands,” he said. So, for now, Yeoh will continue to lead the think tank to greater achievements.






然而,他也忧心忡忡的提到马来西亚人在近年来是如何 “过度政治化”。他说,政治分裂显现在种族和社会经济方面。巫统和国阵似乎受到马来人强力回头支持,而华人却继续拥护反对党,同时可以看到社会经济的贫富差距越来越大,尤其是城市与乡间的选民分歧。


他认为,每个马来西亚人都需相互尊重,容忍和更好地了解其他种族的敏感性。“我们必须为学生和青少年找到共同空间,在多元种族的环境中更融合。” 他认为体育和艺术会是团结的催化剂。

最近,美国宾夕法尼亚大学评选的世界7000个智囊团中,ASLI也成为全球前100智囊团之一,并且在东南亚和太平洋地区排名第四,这也是马来西亚取得的最高位置,同时也获得Brand Laurete 大奖和许多奖项。

杨元庆个人也拥有许多荣誉,最近获得INPenang的终身成就奖。他最骄傲的成就是被顶尖的英国学府之一英国诺丁汉大学授予法律博士学位。“当然被赐予丹斯里勋衔也令人感到荣耀。” 他补充说。

工作之余杨元庆也并非全无休闲时间。他热爱旅游,每年总是会安排之前未踏足的国家进行旅游。“去年,我第一次到摩洛哥,再前年我去了葡萄牙。” 他还确保空出时间与家人团聚,保持工作与生活健康平衡。“家庭生活很重要,我每年至少休两次家庭假期。”

目前已经逾60岁,但尚未考虑退休,他觉得要做的事情还有很多。“一旦我确认ASLI已经得到很好的照顾,应该才会选择退休。” 所以,现在杨元庆将继续带领智囊团往着成就的高峰走去。

Glamour Of The Year 年度盛典

89th Oscars, Academy Awards
Cynthia Erivo makes a stunning entrance on the red carpet
89th Oscars, Academy Awards
Dwayne Johnson arrives with Lauren Hashian
89th Oscars, Winner Portraits
Viola Davis Wins Best Supporting Actress For ‘Fences’
89th Oscars, Winner Portraits
Fantastic Beast_Best Costume Design Colleen Atwood
89th Oscars, Winner Portraits
Suicide Squad – Best Markup
89th Oscars, Winner Portraits
Emma Stone won Best Actress in La La Land

The 89th Academy Awards ceremony, once again, made headlines for a very different reasons this year when La La Land was incorrectly announced as the Best Picture, before Moonlight was clarified to be the winner two minutes after. Nevertheless, there were many awe-inspiring and stunning moments that saw the award presentation of 24 categories at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood.

Televised by ABC in the United States and hosted by Jimmy Kimmel for the first time, it also saw Moonlight, the first film with an all-black cast to win three awards, including Best Picture. La La Land won the most awards at the ceremony with six after receiving 14 nominations. Hacksaw Ridge and Manchester by the Sea won two awards each. Winners with one award include Arrival, and Where to Find Them, Fences, The Jungle Book, O.J. : Made in America, Piper, The Salesman, Sing, Suicide Squad, The White Helmets, and Zootopia. Emma Stone won Best Actress in La La Land and Casey Affleck as Best Actor in Manchester by the Sea.

The infamous red carpet walk includes Jessica Biel with her metallic gown by Kaufman Franco, Emma Stone’s glamorous golden gown by Givenchy, Ruth Negga in a long-sleeved Valentino gown, Brie Larson looking sexy in a shapely black dress, Viola Davis in her red Armani Prive, and Kirsten Dunst in a Dior gown. As for men, Pharrell Williams was all about Chanel, Sunny Pawar – the actor in Lion – in awesome cuteness with bow tie and yellow kicks, and Casey Affleck’s mountain man look cleans up nicely in Louis Vuitton.

第89届奥斯卡颁奖典礼再次成为焦点新闻,原因竟然是一起乌龙插曲:“爱乐之城” (La La Land) 被误宣布为最佳影片得主,但真正的获奖者应该是“月光男孩” (Moonlight) 。但是,在好莱坞的杜比剧院举行的24个类别奖项的颁奖典礼,依旧有许多令人敬畏和惊叹的时刻。

由美国ABC电视台转播,喜剧演员 Kimmy Kimmel 首次担任主持,而这也是第一部电影是全黑人演员演出,并赢得3个奖项,包括最佳影片。“爱乐之城”也在14项提名中赢得6项大奖。“血战钢锯岭” (Hacksaw Ridge) 和“海边的曼彻斯特” (Manchester by the Sea) 分别获得2个奖项。至于其他获奖者包括“爱乐之城” (Arrival) , “神奇动物在哪里” (Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them) , “藩篱” (Fences) , “奇幻森林” (The Jungle Book), “辛普森:美国制造” (O.J. : Made in America) , “鹬” (Piper) , “推销员” (The Salesman), “校合唱团的秘密” (Sing), “X特遣队” (Suicide Squad) , 白头盔 (The White Helmets) 和“疯狂动物城” (Zootopia)。演出“爱乐之城”的 Emma Stone 获得最佳女主角,而 Casey Affleck 以 “海边的曼彻斯特”赢得最佳男主角。

而赏心悦目的红地毯服装秀包括 Jessica Biel以 Kaufman Franco 的金属礼服亮相,Emma Stone纪梵希的金色礼服,Ruth Negga 身着长袖华伦天奴礼服,Brie Larson 一件黑色修身连衣裙展现性感,Viola Davis 以红色的Armani Prive 晚装示人,而 Kirsten Dunst却是迪奥的礼服。至于男士们,Pharrell Williams 是全身上下香奈儿,Sunny Pawar – 演出“漫漫回家路” (Lion) 的童星却以可爱的领结现身,Casey Affleck 野性的造型也完美消化路易威登。

Sky Titan 空中巨擘

Nivat Chantarachoti

General Manager of Thai Airways

“Thai Airways has an excellent safety record.”

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The young and cherub-face gentleman’s manner and appearance belie his age.  Well-suited, he steps into the room with an air of confidence and warmth albeit the black ribbon on his lapel, clearly still expressing his mourning for the loss of Thailand’s beloved King Bhumibol.  Thai national Nivat Chantarachoti is the general manager of Thai Airways International, overseeing Malaysia and Brunei, one of the most challenging and competitive air-travel routes in the world.  Currently pursuing his Doctorate Degree in Business Administration with the Business Science Institute of Luxembourg, his highly relevant research on ‘The Impact of Low-Cost Carriers in the Aviation Industry’ takes up the lion share of his time, when not in office.  However, he did not start out as a master of the sky initially.

Fresh out of college in Manila, Philippines, young Nivat Chantarachoti had a short stint as an English instructor with TOEIC (Test of English for International Communication), but he could not reign in his love for air travel and the mastering of business in new horizons.  So, he set his heart on joining Thai Airways, a move many of his fellow countrymen clamour for. “I joined Thai Airways in 1989, as a flight attendant.  It is the dream of new graduates to travel and see the world.  Therefore, it is the pride of most Thai people to work for Thai Airways because it is the national carrier of Thailand.  Furthermore, Thai Airways is a public enterprise and a very stable organisation,” he explains.

Nivat’s childhood spanned across a few continents. “My father is a Thai diplomat and we lived abroad most of our lives.

I spent several years living in Vientiane, New York, and Manila during my childhood.  I did most of my studies in the US and at an international school in Bangkok.  In the Philippines, I completed my Bachelor Degree in Computer Science when my father was with the Royal Thai Embassy in Manila.  I got my MBA while working for Thai Airways and am currently pursuing my PhD.”

Clocking an impressive 28 years with Thai Airways, Nivat has managed Thai Airways offices in Australia, France, Indonesia, Bangladesh, the Philippines and Switzerland before Malaysia and Brunei.  “My years as a flight attendant gave me valuable perspective and I was able to see and experience the destinations we are selling,” he gathers.

Thai Airways business slogan ‘The First Choice Carrier with Touches of Thai’ is not an easy goal to achieve. “Thai Airways has been around since 1960, making us 57 years old this year.  Our fleet of over 95 aircrafts fly to more than 80 destinations around the world,” Nivat announces with pride.    

“Thai people are famous for their kind hospitality or what is often referred to as ‘Thai-ness’.  This signature brand of hospitality is what sets us apart from the rest of the airlines.”

The next sentence Nivat utters is what every air passenger wants to hear these days, “Thai Airways has an excellent safety record.” Apart from safety, Thai Airways has been the winner of the Best Cabin Crew Award on numerous occasions.  “Our strategy is to differentiate our product.  We are renowned for our in-flight service called the Royal Orchid Service.  Thai people are famous for their kind hospitality or what is often referred to as ‘Thai-ness’.  This signature brand of hospitality is what sets us apart from the rest of the airlines,” Nivat adds.

Whatever little time this engaging personality has, after work and academic pursuits, is either spent on the treadmill at the gym or on a plush Thai Airways aircraft seat, bound for new destinations and exciting experiences in faraway lands.

cover1年轻的娃娃脸,加上绅士气度的外型让他适度隐藏实际年龄。仪表出众的他在步入房间时展现了自信温暖的氛围,而一缕黑色丝带依然别在他的领子,这是对泰国民众崇敬爱戴的普密蓬国王 (King Bhumibol) 的辞世表达哀悼之意。

身为泰国国际航空公司的总经理,泰籍的Nivat Chantarachoti 负责监管马来西亚和文莱的区域,可说是全球最具挑战性和竞争力的航空旅行路线之一。目前他在卢森堡商业科学研究所攻读工商管理博士学位,至于 “廉价航空对于航空工业的影响”的相关研究,已经占据了他工作之外的大部分时间。然而,他最初并没有成为空中主角的念头。在菲律宾马尼拉的学院毕业后,年轻的他为国际交流英语考试 (TOEIC) 担任短暂的英语讲师工作,但他无法抑制对航空旅行和开拓新业务视野的爱与渴望。所以,他跟随自己的意愿,加入泰国航空公司,这也是令他的同胞欣羡不已的举动。“我在1989年作为乘务员加入泰国航空公司,这是社会新鲜人梦想:旅行和看世界。而且在大多数泰国人感到自豪的泰航工作,泰航除了是国营航空公司的象征,也是非常稳定、实力强大的公共企业和组织。”他解释说。




至于泰国航空公司的口号:“触摸泰国的首选航空”不是一个轻易实现的目标。“泰航创立于1960年左右,今年57岁。我们有逾95架的飞机飞往世界各地80多个目的地。” Nivat 骄傲地宣布。

而接下来Nivat的宣称也是每个乘客最近想听到的。“泰国航空具备相当好的安全记录。”除了安全,泰航已多次在不同场合获得最佳乘务组奖。我们的战略是善于区分本身产品,并以空中的“皇家胡姬花服务”称誉。泰国人以独特的热情款待或所谓的“泰民族性”而闻名,也是殷勤好客的招牌使我们与其他航空公司有区别。” Nivat 补充说。


by Billie Ooi – Ng Lean Gaik

Leaky Gut Syndrome

by Dr Mecherl Lim

MD (MA) Naturopath (ND),  Holistic Kinesiology



A possible cause of LEAKY GUT is increased Intestinal Permeability or Intestinal Hyperpemeability.

That could happen when tight junction in the gut, which control what passes through the lining of the small intestine, don’t work properly. That could let substance leak in the bloodstream.

People with Celiac Disease & Crohns disease experience this. Example,  Toxins in form of Medications, like Steriods, Antibiotics, Advil, Acid reducing drugs and environment toxins like Mecury, Pesticides & BPA from plastic. Stress and Age might also contributes to a Leaky Gut.

Digestive issues include Bloating, Gas, Diarrhea, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Cramp, Food Sensitivities, Aches & Pains.

Leaky Gut Sydrome aren’t unique. They are shared by other problem too. Leaky Gut often overlooked as a condition when under disgestive stress, and almost completely ignored if you have been diagnosed with another disease.

However, it is often a root cause of many health concerns,when the gut cannot properly digest nutrients.


A number of symptoms can arise from Neurological, Endocrine and Metabolic eg: Mood Changes, Memory Lapses, Irritable Bowel, Cancer, Loss of Energy, reduced

in Immune Response, Arthritis, Malnutrition, Bloatedness,

Chronic Fatigue, general Seasonal Allergies, Food Allergies, Intolerences, Skin Rashes (related to inflammation), Nutritional deficiencies, (improper absorption),

weakend immune system (from overexertion), Candida Over Growth, Constipation, ongoing Diarrhea, Atopy, Chronic Uticaria, Ulcerative Colitis, Acute Gastroenterities, Cystic Fibrosis, Exocrine Pancreatic Defects, Poor Digestion, Iron Deficiency, Bowel Cancer, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Ankylosing Spondylitis and Maldigestion.

When your immune system attacks particles that escape into the blood stream, regardless of whether they are harmful or not, the killer cells inadvertenly attack healthy cells in the process creating more inflammation thoughtout the body.

Symptoms may spread body wide, but still be attributed to other lifestyle factors. Gaps from intestinal lining widen from inflammation.

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  • We could support Liver Function to improve Detoxification such as 1st Phase MHT 5 Days Detoxification programme and followed by 2nd Phase MHT Detoxification as we need to check yeast infections and parasites as the person may be suffering from Achlorhydria, Lactose Intolerance and Pancreatic Insufficiency (refer
  • Reinoculating the bowel with beneficial colonic bacteria, by supplementing with good bacteria count such as Proflora A.
  • Restabilising the gut epithelium to normal function.
  • Eliminate or reduce the insult to the gut barrier from xenobiotic or food allergies.
  • Follow an elimination diet or eliminate substances that produce toxic insult to the gut. 80% of individuals who have food allergens or intolerences have LEAKY GUT SYDROME.
  • Limit the uses of Alcohol, Antibiotics, Aspirin, and NSAIDS as they damage the gut barrier.
  • Reduce exposure to exogenous xenobiotics eg: pesticide, insecticides, and irritant chemicals, by eating more organically grown vegetables.
  • Increase the intake of high fibre foods, slippery elm, bananas and cabbage.
  • Increase intake of fish, cod, tuna, salmon or their oil.
  • Support the liver with supplements on phase II as above mentioned.
  • Glucosamine and Glutamine improve the bowel wall integrity and reduce bowel leakiness.
  • Improve digestion by supplementing with digestive enzymes

Plastic And Aesthetic Surgery In Today’s World

Dr. Lee Kim Siea

Consultant Plastic and Aesthetic Surgeon

Plastic Surgery is a sub-speciality of general surgery, it deals mainly with forms and functions of the whole body. The word plastic is derived from the Greek word ‘plastikos’ which means ‘fit for molding’, it has nothing to do with the plastic wares that we know about, plastic materials are certainly not used in the surgery.


There are two main division of plastic surgery, reconstructive surgery and aesthetic or cosmetic surgery.  Reconstructive surgery deals mainly with repair and restoration of the loss or damaged tissues. Tissues such as bone, flesh and skin can lost or damaged in trauma, burns or surgeries to remove cancers, the resultant defects can be repaired and restored using various type of tissues from nearby or other parts of the body with various surgical techniques. The restoration of the defects give back the form and functions to the patients, allowing them to live more normally. Imagine the loss of lower jaw from surgical removal of a cancer without reconstruction…. Hand and microsurgery is an integral part of plastic surgery.

Aesthetic / cosmetic surgery concerns with improving the physical forms of the person. Patients are usually well physically, however, they are driven by dissatisfaction of the physical appearance of certain part(s) of their body.  In severe cases, they can be totally unhappy with their whole body. This dissatisfaction can result in minor or severe psychological disturbance affecting self-esteem to the extent of affecting their life. Improving the appearance thus restores their self- confidence resulting in improvement of their life. As society becomes more affluent, people are looking to more than just basic needs, money is spent to make themselves more beautiful; clothing, hairdo, accessories are made more and more expensive and attractive. Some will venture into changing or improving their appearance with aesthetic/cosmetic procedures.

Plastic surgery is not new, the history can be dated back to 15th century when there was an epidemic of syphilis resulting in many disfigured people. Plastic surgery was performed to restore the appearance of these people. The most notable procedure was the nose reconstruction which was recorded in many parts of the world including Europe and India. Procedures than were painful with many complications, even death, results were unsatisfactory by today’s standards, it has evolved through many advances in techniques, better understanding of the processes and importantly availability of more advanced materials and tools.

Aesthetic procedures can be surgical or nonsurgical. Surgeries are what plastic surgery is well known for, this involves operations to improve the appearance of the patients who are otherwise healthy; facelifts, nose operations, eyelids operations, body contouring operations, breast augmentations and fat grafting are some of the well- known examples.

Nonsurgical procedures are done without or with minimum incisions. Among the well- known ones are laser/light and energy based devices, injectables like BOTOX and fillers, thread lifts, medical skin cares and recently stem cell treatment. The aim is to beautify and rejuvenate without using the scapel.  This is the field that is growing rapidly; the affordability, the fear of surgery and minimum down time have made these procedures extremely popular. However, they are not without problems and complications, it is important to look for a qualified doctor like plastic surgeon to perform these procedures.

Beauty is a concept, it has no universal criteria. Beauty is in the eyes of the beholder. It is influenced by many factors including media. There are, however, a number of parameters that make a person’s appearance pleasing to the eyes- symmetry, proportions and harmony are important. Everyone has his/her own unique appearance and attractiveness, it is up to a plastic surgeon to enhance the attractive features and minimize the short comings in order to bring out the best in the person. The plastic surgeon must have an eye for beauty, ability to appreciate beauty and be able to visualize the results before even doing the procedure. It is both art and medicine. My philosophy is to enhance the natural beauty and not to change the person’s appearance. Although the concept of extreme makeover is being  promoted, I see it being too dramatic and too risky as the complication rate is too high; besides, it is too costly.

Plastic surgery/aesthetic procedures are not just for women. There is an increasing number of men looking for plastic/aesthetic procedures, a man with big eyebags, frown furrows, saggy face and a pot belly would not make as good an impression to clinch that crucial deal against a younger looking, more energetic appearing competitor.

Plastic surgery is simply not just for the rich and famous or the vain selected few. We seek improvement in all areas of our life, for example our physical health and mental well- being; many of us spend hours in the gym, even a manicure/pedicure takes hours; we spend lots of money on our dressing and accessories. Plastic surgery or aesthetic procedures are just an extension of this to improve our appearance, it gives a tremendous boost to our self- confidence. A lady beautifully dressed with expensive clothing and accessories would not have the same impact if her face looks old and haggard. Plastic surgery/aesthetic procedures in today’s modern world enhance our life style, it is more and more accepted as a way to enable us to look our best at whatever age.