Category Archives: Mind Philosophy

Shining the spotlight on the creative realm of the sublimely artistic and bringing the latest and breaking news from the art world

When People Unite 民群集居的力量

The Tulou in Fujian and Diaolou in Guangzhou provinces were self-built structures by the locals who were mainly living outside the fort located deep inside the hilly or mountain areas. Both of these amazing architectural wonders were inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2007 and 2008. Today, these heritage sites are becoming more of a tourist attraction than a residential area as they have attracted visitors from different parts of the world.

In the past, the commoners were given protection by the emperors in forts but constant wars among the different quarters battling to eliminate one another had led to the shift of commoners to the southern regions such as Fujian and Guangdong provinces. There, the people began to build their new homes but unfortunately they were met with robbers and bandits. As such, the people themselves decided to build a ‘big house’ so that they could stay together. It was a show of strength and a great example of how everyone could be protected by sheer unity. Besides, the most interesting elements about these structures were the escape routes and embrasures.

福建的土楼和广州的开平碉楼分别在 2008 年和 2007 年被列入世界遗产名录。年轻的一代去旅游,或会问大老远的去看这些古老建筑,除了拍拍照片,那里还有什么。

游览土楼、碉楼,最深刻的印象就是那许多防御的射击孔。那是一般现代化的‘家’都没有的,因为众多的我们幸运的不是活在乱世中。

土楼和碉楼的存在,除了是历史遗迹、民风文化,最原始的理由却是为了生存。团结就是力量,因而有了这种人类群集居住在一起的案例。这两种特色的古老建筑冒出来的时代并不相同,用的建筑材料也有所不同,却都主要是为了防卫而建设。

土楼是宋元时期出现的类似古堡的建筑。族群因为躲避战乱,由中国北部移民到南部而群聚一楼。有些土楼除了通声口、枪口,还有暗道、暗门等以备逃命。

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Eryilou 二宜楼
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Eryilou 二宜楼
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Nanyanglou 南阳楼
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Dongyanglou [东阳楼] 露天民居歌舞剧场

It was a show of strength and a great example of how everyone could be protected
by sheer unity.

团结就是力量,因而有了这种人类群集居住在一起的方式。

The Fujian Tulou or simply known as ‘earth buildings’ were built during the Sung dynasty and its building materials relied heavily on available raw materials such as stones, wood, bamboos and most important, the sand, soil and clay. These buildings come in all shapes and sizes depending on the earth structure and the weather in that area. The main purpose is to create a strong structure with sufficient ventilation and light. In short, these Tulou were well-structured and safe for residents while able to house between 200 to 800 people.

The Hakka and Minan villagers in Fujian were those responsible for constructing these buildings. The buildings could be distinguished in two categories, one being the standalone unit and the other being the cluster type. Although there were many Tulou in the province, only 46 were regarded as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Eryilou, also known as ‘The King of Tulou’, was the largest single unit built in 1770 consisting of four floors from the outside layer and another floor inside. It possesses an impressive outer ring diameter of 71 metres with 48 rooms on each level. Tourists are allowed to visit this building where the residents offer a wide range of local handmade products and souvenirs. Not to mention one would be amazed when walking up and looking into the rooms that were once living quarters. Situated not far from Eryilou were the Nanyanglou and the Dongyanglou. The former is now a museum and the latter was converted to a performing area to entertain and educate visitors on its unique culture.

On the other hand, the Diaolou entered the Chinese architectural scene during the Ming dynasty until right before the end of the Chinese Republic era. Similar to the Tulou, these high towers most combines of Western and Chinese style were built as protection in response to local banditry. There were more than 3,000 of such towers in the past but today, only around 1,800 remain of standing, most of which are unoccupied if not abandoned. The construction of these buildings were mainly funded by overseas Chinese with the hope that their immediate and extended family members could have a safe place to protect themselves when necessary.

土楼的造型有圆形、半圆形、方形、四角形、五角形、交椅形、畚箕形等,各具特色。土楼的建设原料是就地取材的,用的是当地的木头、石头、竹和泥。其建设根据气候地形,精巧的采光、通风,有一定夏寒冬暖的作用,除外还能防风、防震呢!换句话说,那是一个极其实用的安全建设。古时这庞大牢固的单体式的建筑建设,根据大小,可容纳 200-800 人左右。一个土楼,几乎就是一个村落。福建土楼有两种:1)客家土楼、2)闽南土楼。被列入世界遗产名录的有 46 处。土楼又分为单元式,或群土楼。

[二宜楼] 堪称“圆土楼之王”,为福建省单元式闽南土楼的代表,建于清乾隆五年。[二宜楼] 至今还有人居住在里头。大门旁的土墙上印刻着土楼起居应该遵守的条规。往里头走,中间的大广场摆着许多买卖档口,那是一般大伙儿集聚的地方。随着时间变迁,土楼里有着不少中西文化交流的见证:壁画、彩绘、木雕、楹联等等。除了户户供用的梯楼、各住户简朴密集的家、祭拜祖先的厅堂,里头还能看到好一些年迈的妇女健步的扛着重物而行。[二宜楼] 旁是 [南阳楼] – 一座小形圆土楼,目前是《土楼博物馆》。附近另有方形的土楼 [东阳楼],也作露天民居歌舞剧场,演出有关当地文化风俗的短剧如嫁喜娘等。除外,也有好一些住在土楼外的居民,以旅游业、卖土产、经营农家饭菜为生。

碉楼,是始于明朝,后来民初时期才逐渐发展,总体遍布在开平。许多碉楼是海外华侨生回来资助为村落家人建的。民初时多用于防匪、防洪、抗日、共产党地下活动等等。碉楼最多时达 3000 座,如今只存千余座。也许碉楼的建设很多是隐藏在树林或竹林里,再加上产权不明等问题,不少碉楼已是没人居住的了。

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Li Garden 立园
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Zilicun Village 自立村碉楼群

Built with stones, bricks or concrete, these tower-like buildings were very well-equipped with solid prison-like bars and thick metal windows to shelter against any shooting or force entry. Furthermore, there were special embrasures created to take aim at intruders. The Zilicun village was among the best preserved architecture site and it contributed to the largest number of Diaolou recognised by UNESCO. Walking up these old buildings allow visitors to experience how people lived in these tall buildings that were designed not only with relatively small rooms but also narrow staircases with plenty of steps. Nonetheless, the view from the building was breathtaking. Another not-to-be-missed attraction was the luxurious Li Garden with private canal, beautiful gardens and six villas built by a wealthy Chinese emigrant businessman living in the USA. Not forgetting a Diaolou for emergency protection purposes.

The Tulou and Diaolou were once built for protection but today these fine heritage buildings open their doors to the world showcasing what residents in the past would have done to protect their families and belongings. Perhaps the attitude and the unique architecture will be good research and study materials for generations to come.

开平碉楼的建设,融合了中国传统乡村建筑文化与西方建筑文化,有着欧州不同时期不同风格的建筑艺术。开平碉楼种类繁多,若从建筑材料来分,可以分为四种:石楼、夯土楼、青砖楼、混凝土楼。有一些防御的碉楼很高,梯级很多,再有就是那些如牢房的钢窗门、钢铁支、许多的射击孔。

[自立村碉楼] 是景区中最完善碉楼群。想要感受一下碉楼可进去一、两间碉楼逛逛,走一下那些不容易上下的楼梯,看看每一层楼里里外外的情景。不远出的[立园]是一家豪宅,除了建有大小花园、六幢别墅,还有一幢古式碉楼,也就归入碉楼景区之一。

说白了,土楼是把一个村落的人口集聚而成的家,碉楼则一般是过渡时期的避风港。这种人类群集居住在一起的建筑,或许有一天会是未来防御建设的最佳考察项目。

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Masterworks of MoMA – MoMA 极品佳作

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The Hon. Premier Daniel Andrews, Glenn D. Lowry, Director, MoMA, and Tony Ellwood, Director, NGV in front of Robert Delaunay’s Simultaneous Contrasts: Sun and Moon, 1913 (dated on painting 1912). Photo : Scott Rudd

The National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) will be presenting a major exhibition of modern and contemporary masterworks from New York’s iconic Museum of Modern Art (MoMA). The international exclusive exhibition is slated to open in June 2018 at NGV International in Melbourne.

The exhibition will feature 150 works including never-before-seen masterpieces in Australia and is the largest instalment of the Melbourne Winter Masterpieces series. It will explore the development of major art movements and represent more than 130 years of radical artistic innovation. Masterworks from MoMA will be on display from June 8, 2018 to October 7, 2018.

维多利亚国家美术馆(NGV)将呈现一场现代和当代杰作大型展览会,展品将来自纽约标志性的现代艺术博物馆(MoMA)。而这项国际独家展会将于 2018 年 6月 在墨尔本的 NGV 国际举行。

此次展会将有 150 件重点作品亮相,其中包括澳大利亚前所未见的佳作,也是墨尔本冬季杰作系列中的最大型连载展览。它将探索重大艺术运动的发展,并象征着超过 130 年的激进艺术创新。至于来自 MoMA 的杰作将于 2018 年 6月8日 至 10月7日 展出。

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Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French, 1864–1901) La Goulue at the Moulin Rouge, 1891-92 • Oil on board • 31 1/4 x 23 1/4″ (79.4 x 59.0 cm) The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Gift of Mrs. David M. Levy
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Salvador Dalí (Spanish, 1904–1989) The Persistence of Memory, 1931 Oil on canvas • 9 1/2 x 13″ (24.1 x 33 cm) • The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Given anonymously © 2016 Salvador Dalí, Gala-Salvador Dalí Foundation / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
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Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853–1890) Portrait of Joseph Roulin, early 1889 • Oil on canvas • 25 3/8 x 21 3/4” (64.4 x 55.2 cm) The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Gift of Mr. and Mrs. William A. M. Burden, Mr. and Mrs. Paul Rosenberg, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Mr. and Mrs. Armand P. Bartos, The Sidney and Harriet Janis Collection, Mr. and Mrs. Werner E. Josten, and Loula D. Lasker Bequest (all by exchange)
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Edward Hopper (American, 1882–1967) Gas, 1940 • Oil on canvas • 26 1/4 x 40 1/4″ (66.7 x 102.2 cm) The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Mrs. Simon Guggenheim Fund
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Constantin Brancusi (French, born Romania. 1876–1957) The Newborn, version I, 1920 • Bronze • 5 3/4 x 8 1/4 x 5 3/4” (14.6 x 21 x 14.6 cm) Art, New York. Acquired through the Lillie P. Bliss Bequest © 2016 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris

A Spiritual Journey Capturing the essence of Muslim life in Southeast Asia through the lens

by Adline Abdul Ghani


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2nd Prize Winner Redzuan Bohari – Malaysia Caretaker of the 18th-century Kerisik Mosque in Pattani.
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3rd Prize Winner Rahmat Hidayat – Malaysia “Guide from the heart” Selected Top 50 finalists
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Etha Ngabito – Indonesia “Making their way to the mosque”
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Lin Joe Yin – Malaysia Mass iftar (breaking of fast) at Dataran Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur.
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Kritchayathorn – Thailand “New member”.

Over the years, the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia (IAMM) has hosted numerous photographic exhibitions to showcase the diversity of Islamic people and culture throughout the world. However, this year, the museum decided to organise its inaugural photography competition and exhibition, entitled “A Spiritual Journey: Islamic Culture and Heritage in Southeast Asia”.

The initiative behind the competition was to inspire creativity among photographers, as well as to document the visual appeal of Islam in Southeast Asia. It is a platform for photographers to immerse themselves in a subject matter that has not been the focus of any photography competition before. Through the eyes of these enthusiasts, the Southeast Asian Muslim cultural identity will be shared with the public and the world, providing new perspectives and understanding of the region.

More than 120 photographers answered the call and submitted their works. This diverse pool of talent not only hailed from Malaysia, but also Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, the Philippines, France, Germany and United Kingdom. Coming from different backgrounds, both professional and amateur, these photographers shared their views and perceptions of the Islamic elements of Southeast Asia, which is home to over 230 million Muslims.

They’ve captured various glimpses, from intimate moments of solitary prayer and reflection, to the nurturing of the next generation onto the spiritual path, as well as occasions where Muslims come together, united by faith and community spirit. It is clear from the photographs that the fusion of modern and traditional practice has developed into a unique identity, which can only be appreciated by a journey through the peninsula and archipelago.

The top three photographers – Mazlan Bin Samion, Redzuan Bohari and Rahmat Hidayat, who are all from Malaysia, were presented with Grand Prizes totaling MYR 10,000  on the exhibition’s opening day. In addition to the winning entries, the exhibition, which was held at the IAMM’s Open Space Gallery  from  14 July  until 14 October 2017, also showcased the top 50 photographs selected from the many that were submitted.

The encouraging public response that the exhibition garnered is proof that photography exhibitions continue to have a vital role to play, not only as a visual art form, but as a medium for expression, documentation and understanding.

Cathay Pacific Unveils New Business Class Lounge

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Cathay Pacific General Manager Product Leslie Lu (centre), General Manager Hong Kong International Airport Liza Ng (left) and General Manager Sales & Distribution Toby Smith pictured at The Pier Business Class Lounge.

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Cathay Pacific Airways unveiled its new Business Class Lounge at The Pier in Hong Kong International Airport recently after a comprehensive refurbishment. The luxurious lounge is now larger with seating for 550 people.

The Pier Business Class Lounge is divided into “fast” and “slow” lanes where The Food Hall and The Noodle Bar are located in the “fast” lane. This is where passengers can find an array of food and beverages such as coffee and noodles.

There is also a Tea House especially for those craving a soothing drink amidst a tranquil environment while the slow lane is where passengers can put their feet up in the lounge seating equipped with built-in reading lamp and side tables.

Passengers can freshen up in one of the 14 shower suites and a relaxation room for a calm and stress-free experience in order to wind-down and refresh themselves.

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Timelessness in Fun & Play 永恒的乐趣时光

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Hong Kong Museum of History has taken on an exciting challenge – one that has not only attracted the young hearts of little children in Hong Kong but has also charmed adult and kids alike worldwide with adorable designs and features.

We are, of course, talking about toys. Partnering with Hong Kong Toys Council and the Toys Manufacturers’ Association of Hong Kong, the exhibition weaves through the evolution of toys in the past century and the way industrialists revolutionalise and guaranteed the good quality of items ‘Made in Hong Kong’.

One of the most popular parts of the exhibition features a play area to encourage the importance of play and also the meaning of toys. The exhibits present ways on how entertainment came in various forms including animation, comics, cinema and television, and trends which influence the production of toys. Hong Kong has played a prominent role in the evolution of toys and gone beyond just fun and play.

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为了凝结快乐时光,香港历史博物馆迎来一个激动人心的挑战:不仅是深深撼动香港小孩的童稚心灵,并且以独特可爱的设计和特色,征服了全世界的成年人和孩子们。其实所指的就是形形色色趣味的玩具。博物馆与香港玩具协会、玩具制造商协会合作,携手展示了上个世纪玩具的完整历史及工业领域的革新,确保了“香港制造”的良好质量。

而展览会上游乐区是最受欢迎的环节之一,这是鼓励游戏的重要性以及玩具的意义。所有展品演示了娱乐性的由来,包括以动画、漫画、电影和电视等各种形式展现。另外,也阐述了影响玩具生产的潮流趋势。香港在玩具的演变中扮演着举足轻重的角色,超越了一般的趣味与玩乐。

 

Innovation with A Twist 曲折的创新

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Toshiya Yui x Tomohiro Yokota x Tomoko Hashida / Floatio Applever
Media Ambition Tokyo 2017
David Letellier / Versus

Media Ambition Tokyo, now in its 4th edition, is fast becoming one of the fastest growing cultural showcase of technological art with an experimental twist in urban Tokyo. Organised by the MAT Committee, the exhibition is set to take place for almost a month all around Tokyo focusing on some of the most dynamic part of the city including Roppongi, Aoyama, Ochanomizu, Toranomon and a few more other venues. These venues will host super-edgy artwork, video, music, performances, hacks and talk shows.

Over the years, the programmes have organically increased and expanded covering international and local participants. The exhibition focuses on showcasing the evolving systematic designs of transportation, communication and information and the potential of technology in creating the city’s future. Through experimental projects unlimited by category or genre, MAT aims to develop the reformative movement in technology through art.

Previous collaborators include Apple Store in Ginza and Omotesando, Institut Francais Tokyo, Intersect by Lexus-Tokyo, IMA Concept Store, Digital Hollywood University and the National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation. In 2016, they have also collaborated with Yasei Collective and producer Keiichiro Shibuya for its opening live show titled ‘Digitally Show’.

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Akira Wakita & Tesuya Komuro / Scalar Fields
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AKI INOMATA / Think Evolution / Kiku-ishi (Ammonite)
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Yuta Sasaki / Yoshiharu Suzuki

被誉为科技艺术表演秀的 ”Media Ambition Tokyo” 迈入第4年,成为增长最快速的文化科技展示,并在东京城市展开实验性大扭转。这项由MAT委员会组织主办的展览会将在东京举行,其中近一个月的活动,集中在一些最具活力的区域,包括六本木、青山、御茶水,虎之門等几个场地据点,现场举办展览超尖端的艺术作品、影像、音乐、表演,黑客和谈话节目。

多年来,这些项目不断增加和扩大,涵括国际和本土参与者。展览重点包括交通、通讯和信息不断演进的系统设计,显示科技创造城市未来的潜力。通过实验计划无限任何类别或体裁,MAT旨在推行以艺术拓展科技的革新运动。

之前的合作者计有银座和表参道的苹果旗舰店、东京法国文化中心、雷克萨斯品牌形象馆、IMA概念店,数字好莱坞大学与日本科学未来馆。在2016年,他们还与Yasei Collective和制作人涉谷庆一郎合作,开幕现场掀开“数字化表演”。

Treasures In The Austrian Mountains 奥地利山脉瑰宝

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Salzwelten
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Dachstein Skywalk
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View from Dachstein Skywalk
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Dachstein ice cave

Nestled in Austria’s Salzkammergut Lake Region – between the edge of Hallstätter See and the towering Dachstein mountains – is the town of Hallstatt one of Austria’s oldest and most likely most photographed village in the region. Its 16th-century Alpine houses cast shimmering reflections onto the calm waters of the lake with towering mountains on all sides. Accessible only by boat or mountain trail, the lakeside town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is also home to almost 800 residents. Towards the west, a trail leads hikers to the Echern Valley famous for its glacial potholes and Waldbackstrub Waterfall.

For centuries, the village has benefitted from a very sought-after commodity below the surface of the earth: salt. The Hallstatt mines – Salzwelten – is possibly the world’s oldest salt mines with a subterranean salt lake. Connected via a funicular railway, it is said to have been discovered as early as the 15th century and was used until modern times as the most important location for mining in the region. A particular feature here is the “Man in Salt”, a corpse that was discovered in 1734, perfectly preserved with his tools.

At an elevation of 1,677 ft above sea level, the Lake Hallstatt is about 125 meters deep and connects three other small towns. People come to admire the lake from the top, swim in its clear water, or take a boat ride as part of discovering the history of Hallstatt and the Salzkammergut surroundings.

The Dachstein Skywalk, located at an altitude of about 2,700 meters, allows visitors to see over Austria to Slovenia and the Czech Republic on a good day. Voted as one of the highest suspension bridge in Austria, this viewing platform is completely made of glass.

A short cable car ride, plus a 20 minutes walk brings you to the entrance to the Dachstein ice cave. An organised tour of the cave lasting one hour shows you the natural wonders of the ice forms and the man-made ice sculptors including the Grais Castle, Parsifal Cathedral, and the Tristian Cathedral. Annually, more than 150,000 people visit this natural wonder of the alps.